Consolidating the third wave democracies dating and marriage customs in iran
Hung-mao Tien is president of the Institute for National Policy Research in Taiwan and a policy advisor to President Lee Teng-hui.In political science, Third Wave Democracy, also known as Democracy's Third Wave, refers to the third major surge of democracy in history. Huntington, a political scientist at Harvard University in his article published in the Journal of Democracy and further expounded in his 1991 book The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century. Huntington has dubbed the ''third wave'' of democratization has seen more than 60 countries experience democratic transitions since 1974.While these countries have succeeded in bringing down authoritarian regimes and replacing them with freely elected governments, few of them can as yet be considered stable democracies.
Yun-han Chu is professor of political science at National Taiwan University.
Reasons for this fragility include economic instability, continued elite dominance of politics, ongoing military interference in civilian affairs, and others.
Countries undergoing or having undergone a transition to democracy during a wave are subject to backsliding.
But the "flat line" would not last for long, as the third wave was about to surge in a way no one had ever seen.
Scholars have noted that the appearance of "waves" of democracy largely disappears when women's suffrage is taken into account; moreover, some countries change their positions quite dramatically: Switzerland, which is typically included as part of the first wave, did not grant women the right to vote until 1971.In addition to the complete hardcover edition, Consolidating the Third Wave Democracies is available in two paperback volumes, each introduced by the editors and organized for convenient course use.